Models of health organization

Countries with developing economies (including Russia and CIS) as a model for the development of take European and American health care. Therefore, you should carefully study the experience of these countries and try to avoid those drawbacks which are inherent in this ideal, at first glance, systems.
In the modern world exist, complementing each other, the following models of health organization:


• national-state system based on the principle of direct state financing of medical institutions, and guarantees free medical care;
• compulsory medical insurance — provides funding for health care services at the level of social guarantees of the state; the amount of the insurance premium is not associated with the amount of health care and health status of the insured;
• voluntary medical insurance (private) is optional; covers the types of medical care, remaining out of sight of the system of mandatory medical insurance; the insurance premium proportional to insurance risk, depending on the state of health of the insured; the system of market of medical insurance reduces the deficit of medical aid characteristic for the system of compulsory insurance;
• fee-paying (private) schools financing of private practitioners, clinics and hospitals, which are in individual ownership, at the expense of paid medical services to the patients.
None of the models of health care anywhere in the world is found in its purest form.

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