Insurance medicine in Europe
The twentieth century is the starting point for compulsory health insurance and national health systems in Europe. In the early twentieth century many European countries adopted the law on mandatory medical insurance, which bonded the relationship of workers and employers, the state and its citizens.
According to this law, fees for providing medical services partially paid workers and entrepreneurs (from 25 to 40%). The state also contributed to the system of payment of care provided. In the future financing dynamics was marked by high participation of the state and its increasing control of this sector. The desire for control is embodied in the establishment of the state (national budget) medicine. In countries such as the UK, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland, etc., medical insurance gradually transformed into state medicine. In Germany, France, Austria, Switzerland, etc. to a greater extent develops medical insurance.